Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis. It is responsible for the “high” that cannabis consumers experience.
THC is a cannabinoid, and cannabinoids are a class of compounds found in the cannabis plant that interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is a network of receptors and enzymes regulating various body functions, including pain, mood, memory, and appetite.
THC binds to the CB1 receptors, mostly found in the brain. This is why THC has psychoactive effects. THC also binds to the CB2 receptors, mostly found in the immune system, leading to immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory effects.
THC has many therapeutic benefits, including pain relief, appetite stimulation, and anxiety reduction. However, it also has some adverse effects, such as anxiety, paranoia, and short-term memory loss.